The Ebola outbreak in Africa is THE ABSOLUTE DEADLIEST IN WORLD HISTORY! This outbreak started in March 2014 with what has been said to be a handful of cases, and is now at 909 confirmed cases, with 414 more suspected cases. The World Health Organization states 729 people of the 1,323 total confirmed and possible infections have died as of July 27th, 2014. The W.H.O. further says that there are previously undetected chains of transmission, boosting the numbers of the sick and elevating chances that the outbreak could spread outside of Africa.
“This epidemic is without precedent,” said Bart Janssens, director of operations for Médecins Sans Frontières, also known as Doctors Without Borders. “It’s absolutely not under control, and the situation keeps worsening. … There are many places where people are infected but we don’t know about it.”
CNN has this video telling us about the facts of Ebola
Ebola is not airborne, it must be spread from person to person by bodily fluid transmission. Serious viruses such as Ebola may be just “a plane ride away” from reaching the developed world, according to Marty Cetron of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Cetron says it is unlikely the virus would spread on an airplane unless a passenger were to come into contact with a sick person’s bodily fluids.
Stressing the key role that those working at airports play in keeping Ebola in check, the CDC spokesman said: “Being educated, knowing the symptoms, recognizing what to do, having a response to protocol, knowing who to call — those are really, really important parts of the global containment strategies to deal with threats like this.”
Ebola has five subtypes, and the deadliest strain is identified as the Zaire strain. Preliminary tests suggested the strain in Guinea to be the Zaire strain. However, everyone should know that preliminary testing does not mean confirmation of this strain.
Ebola causes what is called Hemorrhagic Fever. This condition refers to “a group of viruses that affect multiple organ systems in the body and are often accompanied by bleeding.”
Early symptoms include sudden onset of fever, weakness, muscle pain, headaches and a sore throat. These symptoms can appear two to 21 days after infection. The WHO says these nonspecific early symptoms can be mistaken for signs of diseases such as malaria, typhoid fever, meningitis or even the plague.
MSF says some patients may also develop a rash, red eyes, hiccups, chest pains and difficulty breathing and swallowing. The early symptoms progress to vomiting, diarrhea, impaired kidney and liver function and sometimes internal and external bleeding. Ebola can only be definitively confirmed by five different laboratory tests.
Two Americans with Ebola Will Fly Back to U.S.
The fact that two infected U.S. citizens are flying back to U.S. soil doesn’t necessarily mean they will start an outbreak here. There are special procedures being followed to prevent infection from spreading.
How Are Airlines and Border Protection Agents / Customs Dealing with The Ebola Crisis?
ABC Television has this video
CDC / Other Health Education Resources for Airports, Airline Flight Crews:
Impact on International Travel
As for airlines banning flights to countries of origin, Dr. Olumuyiwa Benard Aliu, President of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) 36-member Council, said his agency works very closely with WHO in the area of travel advisories to prevent the transfer of communicable diseases.
Dr. Aliu said “sometimes Member States may decide to apply their own rules to protect their own nationals” but ICAO would advise its member states based on guidelines and advice it receives from WHO, he said.
The international Civil Aviation Organization issued this statement on July 30th, 2014:
ICAO and World Health Organization Collaboration on Ebola Outbreak
MONTRÉAL, 30 July 2014 – The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is continuing to collaborate with representatives of the UN World Health Organization (WHO) over the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. The number of individuals affected continues to grow and as of 23 July the WHO had confirmed 1201 cases, including 672 deaths.
Despite the increasing number of cases, the WHO recently reiterated its advice that it does not recommend any travel or trade restrictions be applied to Guinea, Liberia or Sierra Leone, based on current information.
The WHO, ICAO and the International Air Transport Association (IATA) considered passenger screening revisions to the WHO document on travel and transport in light of recent events. These are still being reviewed by the WHO, which was also intending to seek inputs from the World Tourism Organization and Airports Council International (ACI).
The Organization remains in contact with the WHO on potential efforts which may be required to facilitate repatriation flights, as well as matters relating to air ambulance services in the affected areas.
ICAO coordinates on related international public health issues through its CAPSCA Programme, a global effort to improve preparedness planning and responses to public health events that affect the aviation sector.